Beyond Romance

Analyzing Feminine and Masculine as Mutually Exclusive Ways Towards Empowerment in Abhijnanasakuntalam

  • Dr. Kalyani Hazri
Keywords: Masculine, Feminine, Empowerment, Mutual-Dependence, Romantic Love


Present paper undertakes the textual analysis of Kalidasa’s play Abhijnanasakuntalam, translated in English by Chandra Rajan. To come up with new insights, the paper critically looks at the feminine and masculine virtues represented by the central characters to carefully analyze their interplay and imprinting on mutual relationship as well as the narrative structure. The paper concludes that both the characters exhibit masculine and feminine as different ways of behavior that embark their own individual trajectories towards complete realization. As long as these virtues are less developed, there are conflicts among the characters resulting from mutual dependency. At the point of maturation however, these virtues enable the characters to co-exist in harmony. The paper thereby concludes with the new insights into the reading of the most celebrated text.


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Author Biography

Dr. Kalyani Hazri

Dr. Kalyani Hazri has completed her M.Phil and PhD in English Literature from Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar and Himachal Pradesh Central University respectively. Her areas of interest are Peace Literature, Dalit Literature, Bhakti Literature and Gender Studies and she has published many research papers in peer-reviewed journals in these fields.

She is also an author of the novel “You Are All You Need” and works with the literary agency “The Book Bakers”. She is currently teaching in Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Bihar, India.


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3. Mukudananda, Swami. “Bhagavad Gita: The Song of God”.
4. Singh, Neeti. “A Reading of Kalidasa’s AbhijnanaShakuntalam as a Cultural Text”. The Vedic Path: A Quarterly Eng. Journal of Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar. Vol. LXXXVIII (No. 1 & 2). 2014.
5. Osho. “Secrets of a Woman”. YouTube, uploaded by CRA- Company Research & Analysis, March, 2022.
6. Thapar, Romila. Shakuntala: Texts, Readings, Histories. pp.243-258. Kali for Women. 1999.
How to Cite
Hazri, D. K. “Beyond Romance”. Contemporary Literary Review India, Vol. 10, no. 2, May 2023, pp. 54-65,
Research Papers