UNIVERSITY WITS – Transitory Playwrights Who Set Preclude to Realistic Literature in Elizabethan Age

  • Aniruddh Shastree
Keywords: online English research journal, research papers publisher, Peer reviewed literary journal, High impact factor journal

Abstract

‘University Wits’ is a title given to a group of writers of the late 16th Century England by a 19th Century Scholar named George Saintsbury. These writers were educated either from Oxford or Cambridge Universities and wrote plays to earn their livelihood. In spite of the fact that these writers wrote without any patronage and had led short and stormy life, their importance in the history of English literature is due to their outstanding contribution towards the transformation of the theme of literature that was limited to puritanistic and moralistic writing to a more realistic yet didactic, heroic yet based on the real life problems of the everyday lives of individuals.

This essay tries to explore the works which not only enriched the English Literature through their plays with varied themes such as revenge, passion, comedy, historical and tragedy, imaginative and romantic prose but also helped in raising the standards of literature by improving the coherence of language and structure of plot construction through their literary works, as well as setting a preclude for the writers of the later ages of the English Literature.

Keywords: University Wits, Elizabethan era, revenge and passion plays, transitory playwrights, heroic tragedies.

Author Biography

Aniruddh Shastree

A postgraduate in Labour Laws and Human resource management, Aniruddh Shastree worked as marketing communications executive, recruiter and human resource coordinator. He likes to read English Literature since the days of graduation, enjoys studying and writing on Labour Laws and matters related to employment.

References

(i) https://www.britannica.com/topic/University-Wits, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(ii) https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority. 20110803114744546, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(iii) https://www.britannica.com/art/interlude, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(iv) https://www.britannica.com/art/interlude, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(v) https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-Heywood#ref 157087, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(vi) Edward Albert ‘History of English Literature’ (1955), page 89, https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.544236/page/n89, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(vii) Albert, Edward. History of English Literature. Londow: Oxford University Press, 2017. Page 89, (point ‘a’ to ‘d’).
(viii) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Christopher-Marlowe, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(ix) https://literarydevices.net/christopher-marlowe/, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(ix-a) http://elizabethandrama.org/the-playwrights/plays-of-historical-importance/ralph-roister-doister-nicholas-udall/, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(x) https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-Lyly, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xi) https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-Peele, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xii) https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-Peele, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xii-a) Halliday, F. E. A Shakespeare Companion 1564–1964. Baltimore: Penguin, 1964; pp. 503-4. https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.204614/page/n503, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xiii) https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780192806871.001.0001/acref-9780192806871-e-308, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019
(xiv) https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803095906401, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xv) https://www.bartleby.com/215/0613.html, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xvi) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-Greene, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xvii) https://www.bl.uk/treasures/shakespeare/henry6p2.html, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xvii) https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Robert_Greene_(dramatist), Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xviii) http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/greenebib.htm, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xix) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Nashe, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xx) Sohmer, Steve. Reading Shakespeare's Mind. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2018.
(xxi) https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-20157-0_26, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxii) https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/authors/245755/thomas-nashe, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxiii) https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/authors/245755/thomas-nashe, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxiv) https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/authors/245755/thomas-nashe, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxv) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Lodge, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxvi) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Lodge#ref33460, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxvii) http://spenserians.cath.vt.edu/AuthorRecord.php?action=GET%20&recordid=36, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxviii) https://www.1902encyclopedia.com/L/LOD/thomas-lodge.html, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxix) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Lodge, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxx) https://www.ancient.eu/Gaius_Marius/, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxi) https://www.ancient.eu/sulla/, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxii) Hadfield, Andrew. "Thomas Lodge and Elizabethan Republicanism." The Nordic Journal of English Studies (NJES), Vol 4. No. 2 (2005): http://ojs.ub.gu.se/ojs/index.php/njes/article/view/50/54, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxiii) Hadfield, Andrew. "Thomas Lodge and Elizabethan Republicanism." The Nordic Journal of English Studies (NJES), Vol 4. No. 2 (2005): http://ojs.ub.gu.se/ojs/index.php/njes/article/view/50/54, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxiv) https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110810105336185, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxv) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Lodge#ref33460, Last Accessed on 02 Nov. 2019
(xxxvi) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Kyd, Last Accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxvii) https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/literature-and-arts/english-literature-1500-1799-biographies/thomas-kyd, Last Accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxviii) https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/literature-and-arts/english-literature-1500-1799-biographies/thomas-kyd, Last Accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xxxix) https://biography.yourdictionary.com/thomas-kyd, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xl) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Kyd, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xli) http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/kydbio.htm, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xlii) http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/kydbio.htm, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
(xliii) https://www.britannica.com/topic/University-Wits#ref204601, Last accessed on 02 Nov. 2019.
Published
2020-02-05
How to Cite
.
Section
Research Papers