Applying Marxism on Dickens' Great Expectations

  • Aaira Goswami Neerja Modi School
Keywords: Charles Dickens, Karl Marx, Economics, Communism, Great Expectations, Writers, Impact, New Ideas


Despite having lived rather different lives, Karl Marx and Charles Dickens have worked on similar issues like class diversification, poor conditions of the working class, the consequences of the Industrial Revolution etc. They both advocated for better lives of the Proletariat. Where Dickens expressed his view through fictions, Marx came up with concepts like Marxism through works like the famous Communist Manifesto. In fact, Robert J Shiller, in his research on Narrative Economics, talks about the importance of fiction in propagating an idea, a philosophy and an ideology. Similarly, Charles Dickens was able to propagate Marxism with a vigour that Marx's Communist Manifesto could not. Even so, Marx himself spoke of how authors like Dickens helped him in spreading his new ideas. 

Though numerous reviews and analysis have been done on the works of both these exceedingly exceptional figures, this particular research paper explores the similarities between two of their major works, the Communist Manifesto and Great Expectations Great Expectations, through its protagonist Pip, explores ideas found in the Communist Manifesto, whether it be the image of the working class as the social scum, the jealousy of the Proletariat, the standoffish attitude of the Bourgeoisie, or even the materialistic family relations of the Bourgeoisie. In conclusion, while the Communist Manifesto strongly communicated its ideas across nations, books like the Great Expectations conveyed those ideas in the form of a story. 


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Author Biography

Aaira Goswami, Neerja Modi School

Aaira Goswami is a young writer from Assam. Aaira has been writing since she was ten and has published several articles across esteemed magazines and journals like Children’s World, Teen Ink and Planet Young.


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How to Cite
Goswami, A. “Applying Marxism on Dickens’ Great Expectations”. Contemporary Literary Review India, Vol. 10, no. 3, Aug. 2023, pp. 1-12,
Research Papers